The humble boomstick has become quite a niche in a world where rifles and machine guns rule the battlefield. Yet, the combat shotgun is a close-quarter’s weapon that can deliver a ton of lead per trigger pull. For example, it shined in the Iraq war, especially in dense city streets and urban environments. While its effective range might be challenged, the shotgun reigns supreme when things get up close and personal.
The shotgun can also be a versatile tool outside of its strength in close quarters. It’s an excellent breaching tool capable of destroying locks or taking down hinges. Shooters load non-lethal munitions in less kinetic environments to disperse rioters. Heck, they even pop up on flight lines to scare off birds. Today, we will look at seven of the most popular, effective, versatile, and downright bizarre boomsticks serving around the world.
1) The Benelli M4
The Benelli M4 is the proven king of combat shotguns. This gas-operated, semi-auto shotgun was evaluated by the Marine Corps in 1999 and joined the ranks shortly after. The fast-firing design makes follow-up shots quick and effective, making it a terrifyingly effective close-quarter’s weapon.
The Benelli M4 comes from Italy and not surprisingly serves with the Italian Armed forces. Britain, Israel, Austria, and South Korea, among others, also use it. The Benelli M4 provides a modern design that can accommodate optics and other accessories making it a modular combat shotgun.
2) The Mossberg 500 Series
The American-made Mossberg 500 series has long served armed forces around the world. The 590A1 currently serves with the United States military; various other incarnations of the 500 serve with the Argentinian, Portuguese, and Danish armed forces. The 500 series comes in dozens of configurations, with the 590A1 being the premier combat shotgun variant.
This robust pump-action combat shotgun design does a fantastic job in all environments.
Pump-action designs require manual manipulation between shots, making it almost impossible to fail. Unlike semi-auto designs, pump actions function fine with lower-powered loads, especially those used for less lethal and breaching purposes. With commercial drones on the rise, these guns can cycle net-based ammunition designed to take them down.
3) The Benelli M3
One of the more interesting combat shotguns is the Benelli M3. Like the M4, it’s a premium-grade gun, but it uses Benelli’s inertia system rather than the gas operation of the M4. The M3 is both a pump-action and a semi-auto combat shotgun.
The user can switch configurations depending on the round fired.
For combat purposes, the gun would be run in semi-auto. The gun could be converted to pump-action for breaching, less lethal, and beyond. This makes the M3 one of the most versatile combat shotguns. The elite Canadian JTF2, the Defence Forces of Ireland, Japan, and New Zealand all recognized that versatility.
4) Remington 870
The other king of pump-action combat shotguns is the Remington 870. The ole 870 has seen service with the United States, specifically Marines, SEALs, and other sailors.
America has now largely replaced the 870, but it still serves with Belgium, Canada, Finland, and Sweden. This particular pump action is well known for its well-engineered design and overall smoothness.
With over 11 million produced since 1950, the Remington 870 pioneered a number of design features that would become largely replicated, among them double action bars that prevent binding and enhance the robustness of the gun. The 870 MCS series still sees plenty of action with American special operations units as far as combat shotguns go.
5) The Saiga 12
Most western shotguns use a tubular-magazine design. The Russians had plenty of tube-fed guns out east but adopted something more akin to their service rifle. The Russian Saiga 12 is an AK scaled up to utilize the 12-gauge round.
The semi-auto design and box-fed AK-like magazines make it an easy transition to the Saiga 12. The box mags also ensure a faster reload than tube mags and can often hold a fair bit more firepower. Russia isn’t the only one to use the Saiga 12: Ukraine, France, and even some members of the American Coast Guard use the design.
6) Russia’s KS23
One crazy shotgun used by Russia is the rather insane KS23. The 23 stands for 23mm, which is the diameter of the round fired. When we translate this to gauge, it comes to be four gauge. That’s massive. Those crazy Russians made the barrels from rejected anti-aircraft barrels, and the gun can hold four total rounds in an internal tubular magazine.
This combat shotgun was envisioned for use inside prisons dispensing rubber, gas, and flashbang rounds to quell riots.
The 23mm round predictably produces a rather low recoil, so it is entirely controllable. The Russians produced buckshot rounds and heavy barrier-piercing slugs as well. Reportedly the gun found its way into post-Soviet states, including Ukraine.
7) China’s QBS-09
One of the most mysterious shotguns on this list comes from China in the form of the QBS-09. The QBS-09 utilizes a 12-gauge round that fires buckshot or nonlethal loads. It’s a semiautomatic design that feeds from a tubular magazine. It’s a gas-operated gun reportedly with a rotating bolt.
The stock collapses and looks painful. However, some reports state the gun has a recoil reducer in the stock. Either way, I’d be interested in getting my hands on one and seeing how it stack-ups to modern weapons like the M4. China exclusively uses this combat shotgun.
The combat shotgun world
While the rifle rules the world, the combat shotgun still has a place in it. It’s a capable and brutally efficient weapon at what it does.
While it’s not a gun for everyone in a squad, it can be proven to be a valuable tool. It’s interesting to see how the world views the old combat shotgun and how that influences which shotguns are used.
Which of these seven combat shotguns is most interesting to you?
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